Health care for children
Childhood refers to the stage from birth to the age of 12. The health preservation includes all the health measures from birth to school age, the characteristics of which attach equal importance to bringing up and education to preserve renal yang, the target of which is to educate the child to become a useful person.
Children are at the primary stage of growth and development. Physiologically, they are not only vigorous, but also insufficient in physique and Qi. Due to weak body resistance against diseases, they are subject to diseases and the diseases develop fast. Because of the imperfect development in psychology, children are liable to be frightened, which gives rise to diseases. They are not emotionally stable. Besides, children have great plasticity and are easy to receive various influences and education.
The early education includes education of moral integrity, cultivation of healthy psychology, development of intelligence, health and aesthetics education.
Premature and abstruse education or instruction affects the child's health while delayed and plain education or instruction may postpone and affect, even hinder the child's development. The period from two to three years of age is the crucial stage for children to develop oral language and counting ability; the period from birth to four years of age is the critical stage to develop morphological perception; the period from four to five years of age is the key stage to study written language; the period from five to six years of age is the vital stage to master vocabulary with the quickest speed as well as the vital age to develop digital concept. The content and requirement of education and training should be suited to the speed of the child's development. A large number of activities to learn characters and calculation are not generally advisable for children below five years old. The above mentioned opportunities should be appropriately seized at the right time. Only in this way can the best effects be achieved.
Breast milk is the ideal natural food before the age of six months. Without breast milk, artificial feeding may be adopted with milk powder substitutes like milk, goat's milk, naigao (a baby food made of rich flour, sugar, etc.) and soya-bean milk, of which fresh milk is the first choice.
Children are susceptible to calciprivia. The daily requirement of calcium for normal people is 800 mg. Nevertheless, the ordinary diet contains only 500 mg or so in general. If the children drink a bag of milk a day, the requirement can be met. After the second world war, the Japanese government has supplied a bag of milk for every middle and primary school student every day free of charge. For many years, one generation of Japanese has surpassed another in height. The Japanese call this “One bag of milk vitalizes a nation”. The British experts have been observing for 15 years on end and discovered that the children who drink one bag of milk a day are 2.8 cm taller than those children who do not drink. If children drink two bags of milk, they are 4.8 com taller.
The secretion of growth hormone takes place at night. Thus, it is best for children to drink milk before bed time.
The food at the different stage of age should be sufficient in nutrition and suited to and promote the child's development. This is the principle.
Children are insufficient in the kidney Qi, their teeth, skeleton and cerebral marrow are all under development. Thus, the supply of kidney-tonifying foods should not be ignored such as animal liver, kidney and cerebral marrow as well as HetalRen (Semen Juglandis), HeizhiMa (Semen Sesami), SangShenZi (Fructus Mori) and HeiDou (Semen Sojae Nigrum). Warm-natured, tonifying, greasy and fine foods should be less eaten or contraindicated such as mutton, chicken, ham and sea cucumber. The following foods are more suitable for children.
Various fisher promote cerebral development. Fish and shellfish contain more unsaturated fatty acid which is the raw material to produce nervous cells. These foods also contain high content of protein, vitamin and trace elements which can promote intelligent activities.
Fish scales contain a higher content of brain-tonifying substances, of which organic elements are even higher such as calcium and phosphorus. Fish scales have more lecithin which improves memory and controls cerebral cell decline. The method of eating fish scales : scrape the fish scales, wash them clean and pound them into small pieces. Then decoct the scales into colloid state with slow fire and cut the colloid substance into cubes. Add some condiments like vinegar, green Chinese onion and ginger to be stirred with the scales when eating.
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